Male prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate, which can be caused by a variety of reasons, from hypothermia and a sedentary lifestyle to infectious diseases. There are two main types with different symptoms: acute and chronic.
Acute prostatitis is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Temperature rise
- Severe pain in the perineum, groin, and above the pubic bone.
- Frequent and painful urination;
- Discomfort after sexual intercourse;
- Erectile dysfunction.
Except for erectile problems, men with chronic prostatitis may not have any symptoms. Most men tend to attribute erectile dysfunction and discomfort during and after intercourse to anything. They attribute fatigue, increased physical activity, etc. , to the cause of the problem, not the disease, and they are not in a hurry to see a doctor. But the more neglected, the harder it is to cure the disease. Therefore, it is very important to see a doctor frequently for preventive examinations.
Symptoms of chronic prostatitis:
- Irregular and rapid passing pain over the perineum, groin and pubic bone;
- Decreased libido;
- Rapid ejaculation, or conversely, prolonged intercourse;
- Reduced brightness during orgasm;
- Discharge from the urethra;
- Increase fatigue.
There is no need to show all these signs at the same time. Different patients may have different disease manifestations.
The correct treatment of prostatitis is not only to eliminate the symptoms, but also to eliminate the cause of the disease. The treatment of acute prostatitis and chronic prostatitis must start with a thorough diagnosis of the body.
Causes and signs of prostatitis
Almost 50% of men over 30 have some signs of this disease. The epidemic of this disease is because it can be caused not only by bacterial infections, but also by blood stagnation in the pelvic organs, which is caused by the following reasons:
- Sedentary lifestyle, especially sedentary work;
- Long-term abstinence;
- Stress, mental and physical overload, etc. ;
- Bad ecology
- Low temperature;
- bad habits;
- The underwear is too tight.
Therefore, the cause of prostatitis may only be daily life. Frankly speaking, it is not that difficult to modify it.
The best way to prevent prostatitis is to live a healthy lifestyle
To avoid signs of prostatitis, simply:
- beginWarm clothes;
- StopAbuse of alcohol and smoking;
- beginEat well and drink well(This does not mean that you need to limit yourself to anything-on the contrary, you need a balanced three meals a day, containing a variety of flavors and composed of protein, fat and carbohydrates);
- At least introduce the rhythm of your lifeMinimal physical activity(Some simple exercises in the morning or evening are enough).
All these measures are not only to prevent prostatitis. They will help eliminate the cause of this disease and contribute to the overall improvement of the physical condition.
You will be surprised to find how fatigue is reduced, irritability and bad mood disappear, and how the body's resistance to viruses and infections increases.
Diagnosis of prostatitis
In the arsenal of modern doctors-various diagnostic methods for this disease can be identified.
The diagnosis of diseases starts with the same method as the diagnosis of almost all diseases. This is a general clinical and biochemical blood test, a blood test for HIV, RW, and hepatitis markers, as well as a urine test and an infectious disease study.
Type of Study
Special methods for detecting diseases include:
- Study the secretion of the prostate;
- Prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test;
- Prostate biopsy (if indicated) to rule out prostate cancer.
One of the most effective classic methods is the prostate digital examination. The effectiveness of this method is that it not only allows you to identify a given disease, but also it and many other prostate diseases, including cancer.
Ultrasonography of the kidneys, bladder, and transrectal ultrasound of the prostate and seminal vesicles are very important for diagnosis.
Other methods are used to diagnose complex cases:
- CT scan;
- X-ray inspection;
- Research on prostatase, etc. ).
Only after receiving the results of all the tests, the doctor can formulate a treatment plan, because there is no single algorithm for everyone. Self-medication is not worth it. What you suggest to do yourself is to prevent this disease, which has been described above.
Exacerbation and pain of prostatitis
The exacerbation of prostatitis may occur due to a variety of reasons. If you have a chronic disease, a mild cold, overwork, or alcohol can be enough to cause acute pain again.
The pain of prostatitis most often occurs in the perineum and scrotum, in the lower back, and sometimes can be noticed in the anal area. Pain may increase during prolonged sitting (for example, while driving), prolonged abstinence or sexual intercourse, or when urinating.
There is only one way out-see a doctor and start treatment as soon as possible. Most likely, the doctor will prescribe the necessary anti-inflammatory drugs. But in order to help your body, you need to follow certain rules.
For example, during the exacerbation of acute prostatitis, it is strongly recommended to reduce the frequency of sexual intercourse. You should also improve your immunity in every possible way, eat well and drink plenty of water.
Methods of treating prostatitis
There is no single answer to the question of how to treat prostatitis. Since each patient has its own characteristics and each person's disease manifestations are different, there is no specific treatment plan for prostatitis.
Currently, there are a variety of drugs and medical procedures used to treat prostatitis. However, this disease cannot be cured by just taking medicine-you can only relieve the symptoms in a short time. Usually, the treatment of prostatitis is complicated. Due to the complex application of various procedures and drugs, the cause of prostatitis is eliminated and the body is restored.
For the successful treatment of prostatitis, first of all, the doctor’s qualifications and strict compliance with his recommendations are extremely important.
Massage treatment of prostatitis
Most men believe that prostate massage is the most unpleasant process when facing this disease. However, if this procedure is performed by a qualified doctor, the patient will not actually feel any discomfort.
For this disease, massage is one of the most effective methods. It improves the blood circulation of the prostate (good blood circulation is one of the key conditions for its normal function), increases muscle tone, restores the smoothness of the catheter, enhances the effect of antibiotic treatment, and ultimately helps relieve inflammation.
In addition, massaging the lumbosacral area is also effective for treating prostatitis. Before proceeding, it is recommended to perform general massage or exercise to promote blood circulation.
There are also exercises for prostatitis, which patients can do independently.
How to treat prostatitis
Today's drug market offers a large selection of therapeutic drugs. Never prescribe your own medicine! If you want your treatment to be truly successful, please see a doctor. The specialist will prescribe a course of medication based on your physical condition and the severity of the disease.
Antibiotics for prostatitis
Depending on the severity of the case, the cost of treating prostatitis may vary. This is because it includes the price of medicines and the cost of procedures prescribed by the doctor.
The use of antibiotics to treat bacterial prostatitis is inevitable because it is necessary to eliminate the infection.
The effectiveness of antibiotic treatment will be effective when the patient’s condition is thoroughly diagnosed and the optimal dose, duration of treatment, and medication method are specified.
The scope of antibacterial action of the drug is also important. Therefore, if prostatitis is caused by an infectious disease (such as tuberculosis, gonorrhea, chlamydia), antibiotics with an appropriate range of action should be prescribed.
When prescribing antibiotics, doctors should also consider the presence of allergic reactions and renal failure. Usually, in addition to antibiotics, drugs to normalize the intestinal flora are prescribed.
It is important to remember that antibiotics are only used to treat bacterial prostatitis. Prostatitis caused by viruses is treated with antiviral drugs.
Contrary to popular belief, surgery is rarely prescribed for prostatitis. Surgical intervention is an extreme measure and is used when other treatments do not produce positive results.
Surgical intervention involves removing the inflamed area of the prostate. The probability of a complete cure is very low. In addition, various complications are inevitable, until the complete loss of effectiveness.
Surgical intervention is especially suitable for cases where there are stones that cannot be removed and deep hardening of the prostate. In all other cases, even if the duration and cost of treatment are high, other methods are used.